Архітектура 20-го століття від Ееро Саарінена

У післявоєнні роки в Америці архітектори і будівельники зайнялися переосмисленням архітектурного модернізму з урахуванням сучасних матеріалів і нових будівельних технологій, щоб створити візуальну мову 20-го століття. Фінсько-американський архітектор Ееро Саарінен був напрочуд успішним у цю епоху. Він займався як великими (Арка в Сент-Луїсі, термінал Trans World Airlines в аеропорту Джона Кеннеді), так і дрібними проектами (церкви, особняки). З Сааріненом співпрацював Бальтазар Кораб, який майстерно фотографував архітектурні деталі його споруд і сам процес будівництва. Бальтазар Кораб, який заслужив репутацію шановного архітектурного фотографа, пішов з життя в 2013 році. У 2007 році Кораб подарував Бібліотеці Конгресу близько 800 знімків архітектурних споруд Ееро Саарінен.
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1. Architectural detail of the interior of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, circa 1962. The expansive, futuristic terminal building, designed by architect Eero Saarinen, opened in 1962, described as a "Grand Central of the jet age."




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2. Architect Eero Saarinen stands behind a scale model of the Saint Louis Gateway Arch, between 1947 and 1961.




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3. Construction underway on the Saarinen-designed Saint Louis Gateway Arch, circa 1964.




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4. The newly-completed Saint Louis Gateway Arch, dedicated in 1968.




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5. Design Center interior with stair in background, part of the General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan, 1945.




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6. Water tower and frozen water feature, General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan, 1945.




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7. Water tower detail, General Motors Technical Center, Warren, Michigan, 1945.




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8. Milwaukee Art Museum (originally Milwaukee War Memorial), Milwaukee, Wisconsin, between 1952 and 1957.




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9. Scale model of Kresge Auditorium and Chapel, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, circa 1950.




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10. Completed Kresge Auditorium and Chapel on the campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, circa 1955.




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11. Architectural model of the Miller house, Columbus, Indiana, circa 1953. The residence was commissioned by American industrialist J. Irwin Miller and his wife Xenia Simons Miller in 1953.




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12. Living area from terrace, Miller house, Columbus, Indiana, circa 1957.




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13. Exterior detail of the Miller house, in Columbus, Indiana, in 1957.




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14. Scale model of the David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, for Yale University, in New Haven, Connecticut, circa 1956.




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15. Photographer Balthazar Korab is barely visible photographing the interior of a model of Yale University's David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, circa 1956.




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16. Construction of the David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, circa 1959.




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17. Completed David S. Ingalls Hockey Rink, circa 1959. See this location today on Google Streetview.




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18. Concordia Theological Seminary (originally Concordia Senior College), Fort Wayne, Indiana, circa 1958.




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19. Interior of the chapel at Concordia Theological Seminary, Fort Wayne, Indiana, circa 1958.




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20. A model of the United States Embassy, to be based in London, England, circa 1955.




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21. The completed United States Embassy in London, circa 1960.




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22. A scale model of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, John F. Kennedy Airport, New York, circa 1956.




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23. A drawing, a column study, part of the design work for the Trans World Airlines Terminal, in New York, circa 1956.




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24. Model of the Trans World Airlines Terminal, circa 1956.




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25. Work takes place on a model of the TWA Terminal, circa 1956.




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26. An interior shot of a model of the TWA Terminal, circa 1956.




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27. Photographer Balthazar Korab with TWA model, ca 1960.




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28. Construction underway of the TWA Terminal, at JFK Airport, in New York, circa 1960.




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29. Construction underway inside the TWA Terminal, at new York's JFK Airport, circa 1960.




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30. Detail visible during construction of the TWA Terminal, circa 1960.




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31. Walkway interior of the TWA Terminal.




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32. Interior of the TWA Terminal, circa 1962.




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33. Interior of the TWA Terminal, circa 1962.




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34. Information desk inside the TWA Terminal, circa 1962.




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35. Interior of the TWA Terminal, circa 1962.




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36. Night shot of the interior of the opened TWA Terminal, circa 1962.




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37. Model of Washington Dulles International Airport, planned for construction near Chantilly, Virginia, circa 1958.




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38. Photographing the interior of a model of Dulles International Airport, circa 1958.




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39. The interior of a model of Dulles International Airport, circa 1958.




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40. Dulles International Airport under construction, in Chantilly, Virginia, circa 1962.




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41. Construction underway on Washington Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia, 1958-63. Construction.




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42. Newly-completed Washington Dulles International Airport, Chantilly, Virginia, circa 1963.




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43. Mobile lounges, or Passenger Transfer Vehicle (PTVs) parked at Washington Dulles International Airport, in 1963. The PTVs could carry 100 passengers and had ramps at one end that could be raised or lowered to the floor height of an aircraft. The PTV concept, a precursor to jet bridges, was championed by architect Eero Saarinen, and originally featured prominently in the flow of traffic at Dulles.




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44. Evening view of Washington Dulles International Airport, in Virginia, circa 1963.